Because the crow flies, it’s round 200 kilometers from Michilimakinac, the place Kandiaronk’s Wyandot individuals settled in 1671, when he was round twenty years previous, to Tehkummah on Manitoulin Island the place Isabel Paterson was born 215 years later.
One of many threads that I’m weaving derives from David Graeber’s and David Wengrow’s account of how Kandiaronk’s (or Kondiaronk’s) criticisms of European customs turned the idea for the Enlightenment critique, which was subsequently blunted by Turgot’s principle of 4 evolutionary phases of society and Rousseau’s ambivalent recuperation of the Noble Savage. Graeber and Wengrow bought their argument from Ronald Meek’s 1971 account.
Anne Robert Jacques Turgot, Baron de l’Aulne, generally often known as Turgot maintained in his 1750 lecture that there have been 4 financial phases of society: hunter-gatherers, pastoral, agriculture and at last business society. Practically 200 12 months later, Isabel Paterson described the “solely 4 basic methods by which human beings can exist” as the next:
(1) The savage society, or “snatch economic system,” of wandering hunters who reside by the bounty of nature, on what they will kill or decide up.
(2) The pastoral nomad society, wandering herdsmen who reside in the primary off their tame animals.
(3) The agricultural society, during which males have discovered to get most of their residing from cultivated crops.
(4) The economic economic system, ranging all the way in which from handicrafts to high-speed, high-energy motor machine manufacturing; and requiring a basic change system.
By 1948, the four-stages fantasy had develop into canon. It was additionally amplified by social Darwinism as practiced by Herbert Spencer and his American disciple, William Graham Sumner. Sumner’s doctoral scholar, Thorstein Veblen, adopted Sumner’s perspective of social evolution however jettisoned the laissez-faire part of his teachings.
Paterson could or could not have learn Sumner however she was associates with Stuart Chase, a follower of Veblen and an off-the-cuff affiliate of the Technocracy motion impressed by Veblen. It will have been straightforward for her to reverse engineer Sumner’s place by fusing laissez-faire financial doctrine to Chase’s and Veblen’s social evolutionary perspective. Technocracy with out the altruism.
As so typically occurs, my something-completely-different dive down the Ayn Rand/Isobel Paterson rabbit gap has began to converge chronologically and thematically with my earlier progressive/deliberate obsolescence thread that includes Herbert Marcuse, Thorstein Veblen, Georg Simmel, Christine and J. George Frederick, et al.
Marcuse adopted his persistent (albeit analytically shallow) obsession with deliberate obsolescence from Vance Packard, whose inspiration was… Stuart Chase’s The Tragedy of Waste. Whereas Paterson’s and Ayn Rand’s individualist imaginative and prescient was grounded in nostalgia for a legendary nineteenth century American heroic inventor/businessman sort, Marcuse’s hopes for liberation dwelt on a resigned anti-nostalgia for the legendary nineteenth century class-conscious revolutionary proletariat.
Whereas Paterson and Rand have been idolizing legendary productivist heroes, precise businessmen and ladies just like the Fredericks, Paul Mazur, and Edward Bernays have been laying the inspiration of a client society. They noticed the barrier to financial dynamism as inadequate demand, not extreme authorities.
I used to be unable to seek out any commentary on Rand by Marcuse. Rand, nevertheless, had a couple of alternative phrases for Marcuse:
When each girder of capitalism had been undercut, when it had been remodeled right into a crumbling blended economic system—i.e., a state of civil battle amongst strain teams preventing politely for the legalized privilege of utilizing bodily pressure—the street was cleared for a thinker who scrapped the politeness and the legality, making express what had been implicit: Herbert Marcuse, the avowed enemy of purpose and freedom, the advocate of dictatorship, of mystic “perception,” of retrogression to savagery, of common enslavement, of rule by brute pressure.
Word the “retrogression to savagery” trope — the ghost of Turgot. In a way, Marcuse and Rand have been trying glass photos of one another, every trapped of their adjoining funhouse mazes of obsolescence and nostalgia, a trope handed down from Turgot to Spencer to Sumner to Veblen… and Chase… and Packard.
The perform of the four-stages fantasy was to disclaim the critique of social hierarchy. The phantasm of a “progressive” stage principle leads again into the maze it’s making an attempt to flee from.
Is there a means out of that maze? I believe there may be — a minimum of intellectually. The best way out — and ahead — includes revisiting the “second storey” beneath historic materialism that Georg Simmel constructed and re-examining Marx’s scaffolding for the Grundrisse that he dismantled within the revealed quantity certainly one of Capital. It appears to me that there’s a option to deal with the hole between goal tradition and subjective tradition, collectively.