Can I take advantage of an HRA if I’m self-employed?


Whereas there are just a few hoops to leap by means of once you personal your personal enterprise, figuring out how you’ll obtain well being advantages as a self-employed employee doesn’t must be considered one of them. Well being reimbursement preparations have turn into more and more fascinating over the past decade for companies of all sizes– even for small companies of 1! Study the necessities beneath to reply your query – can I take advantage of an HRA if I’m self-employed?

Can I take advantage of an HRA if I am self-employed?

We are going to get to this in a minute! However first, some context. 

What’s an HRA?

A well being reimbursement association is an inexpensive various to conventional medical insurance. Staff are reimbursed by their employers for medical bills and well being care premiums by means of a tax-advantaged construction.  

In case you are dabbling in well being care choices, two major varieties of HRAs could also be out there to you in case you are self-employed:

Certified small employer well being reimbursement association 

A Certified Small Employer Well being Reimbursement Association (QSEHRA) permits small companies to put aside a hard and fast quantity of funds every month. Staff can use pre-taxed funds to buy their medical insurance or pay for medical bills. Employers profit from not having to emphasize about facilitating a bunch healthcare plan that matches the wants of every of their staff.

Particular person protection well being reimbursement association 

An Particular person Protection Well being Reimbursement Association (ICHRA) is analogous in that the employer can allocate pre-taxed funds that their staff can use on medical insurance premiums and medical bills. Nevertheless, an ICHRA doesn’t restrict the dimensions of the enterprise or the quantity of funds that may be allotted. Moreover, an ICHRA has the good thing about with the ability to be used alongside a bunch well being care plan.  

Am I certified for an HRA as self-employed?

You might be thought-about self-employed in the event you personal a enterprise that doesn’t have any staff however permits you to gather an earnings. Normally, to qualify for an HRA as a self-employed particular person, you should be thought-about an worker of your small business. There are just a few methods to arrange your small business that satisfies this requirement. 

  • C- Firms permit an proprietor to be a separate entity from the enterprise. As a result of they aren’t legally tied to the enterprise because the proprietor, they and their dependents can take part within the HRA.
  • S-Firms stop companies from being taxed by passing income and losses by means of shareholders’ private earnings tax returns. Because of this, an proprietor who owns greater than 2% of the enterprise is taken into account self-employed, not an worker, and can’t take part in an HRA. Nevertheless, they will already deduct some medical insurance bills with out an HRA. Nonetheless, we advocate S- Corp house owners discuss to a licensed tax skilled if they’re taken with participating in an HRA. 
  • Partnerships additionally should not topic to earnings tax. Companions are straight taxed, making them self-employed and never eligible to take part in an HRA. Nevertheless, if a accomplice’s partner is a W-2 worker (and never one other accomplice), the accomplice can take part within the HRA as a dependent of their partner.  
  • Sole-Proprietorships are unincorporated companies owned and operated by one particular person in a manner by which there is no such thing as a distinction between the enterprise and the proprietor. As a result of the proprietor just isn’t an worker, they don’t seem to be eligible for an HRA except their partner is a W-2 worker and the proprietor is claimed as a dependent.  
  • Moreover, in the event you’re married and self-employed with no staff, you’ll be able to comply with these steps to take part in an HRA.

How do insurance coverage and HRA protection work for self-employed? 

By design, HRAs are user-friendly. When you’ve decided you’re eligible for self-employed well being advantages by means of an HRA, truly establishing and sustaining your plan is easy!

  1. Design your plan. You’ll decide who in your small business shall be eligible for the HRA and the way a lot you’ll allocate for month-to-month reimbursement funds. You’ll have just a few choices to fulfill this requirement as a self-employed. For extra data on this, evaluate find out how to qualify for an HRA as self-employed.
  2. Join your particular person medical insurance. As a result of your HRA just isn’t a part of a bunch well being care plan, you have to to join your well being care plan. You’ll present proof of protection as regular when choosing up prescriptions or attending physician’s appointments.
  3. Present proof of bills. Preserve a file of all paid medical bills that you just plan to submit for reimbursement. Merely take an image of paid receipts and submit them to your HRA portal. 
  4. Obtain reimbursements. Every month, you’ll obtain reimbursement checks out of your employer (your small business!) protecting the accredited bills. 

For a extra complete listing of what will be reimbursed by means of an HRA, try this put up.

HRA necessities for medical insurance for self-employed

If you happen to’ve found you’re eligible for an HRA by means of one of many {qualifications} listed above, let’s talk about your plan choices. Have a look at the next HRA buildings to find out which state of affairs is most acceptable for you.

One-person 105 HRA

Effectively, it’s not an actual “plan” as a lot as it’s a loophole in Part 105 of tax laws. You could have heard it known as a “Single Participant HRA” or “Part 105 HRA”. 

Primarily, the Self-Insured Medical Reimbursement Plan states that Part 105 HRAs should be built-in with a bunch medical insurance plan. It doesn’t specify the dimensions of that group. In different phrases, in the event you’re a celebration of 1, you’re in luck!

No clause states that you just, as a self-employed particular person, can not take part in a person well being care plan and combine it with an HRA. So long as no further staff are being discriminated towards by means of their exclusion from the HRA, you’re good to go.

For a extra in-depth dialogue of One-person 105 HRAs, try this article.


As we talked about earlier, a QSEHRA is an HRA plan reserved for companies with 50 or fewer staff. Relying on the way you construction your small business, a QSEHRA is a viable possibility on your well being advantages as a self-employed particular person.  

For instance, in the event you, the proprietor, are thought-about an worker of your organization as an alternative of an employer, you’d have the ability to take part in your HRA. If this selection pursuits you, check out this article to make sure you fulfill the authorized necessities set in place by the IRS relating to QSEHRAs.

Nonetheless undecided? Our skilled group is standing by and would love to speak you thru your choices. 

Self-employed HRA administrator 

The very best half is, your HRA will be arrange and able to go in a day! When you’ve decided the way you qualify, it’s a matter of figuring out the necessities particular to your small business and simply getting began.  

If you happen to’re eligible for a One-Particular person 105 HRA, the privateness obligations are much less restrictive as a result of it’s simply you! Nevertheless, if your small business qualifies you for a QSEHRA, it’s essential to make sure you comply with every step in accordance with authorized necessities.  

Then again, in the event you’re somebody who simply doesn’t have the time or power to spend on navigating well being care plans, we have now a group of specialists out there to you from starting to finish. We are going to assist you choose the perfect HRA for your small business and enroll all eligible staff, handle reimbursement requests, and make sure you’re checking all of your authorized boxes- taxes and all!  

If you happen to’d prefer to study extra about how Take Command Well being will be your go-to supplier on your well being advantages as somebody self-employed, we’d love to listen to from you.

Ask our experts which HRA is best for your business


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